Title

Manzanar Collection

Description

Materials relating to the forced relocation to Manzanar, California, of Miriko Nagahama and Honey Mitsuye Toda, including correspondence, photographs, and newspapers from Manzanar during the period of Ms. Nagahama and Ms. Toda's internment by the War Relocation Authority. Donated in 1981 and 1995. Collection dates between 1941 and 1995. More information available at https://oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/kt700027b0/

Collection

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Local Identifier
026-1-a-01-01-07
Date Created
1942-10-29
Description

Personal correspondence describes living conditions in the camp, including eating in the mess hall and the lack of variety of food. Toda also describes her preparation for work in the Education department and the possibility that a friend [Wilda Johnson] may come to Manzanar to teach. Toda also asks about Salzman's work at Lockheed, saying that she has heard it described as a "women's Paradise"; says that she misses school and WAA [?]; and describes attending meetings almost every night for an acapella choir class.

2 items in Collection
Local Identifier
026-1-a-01-01-08
Date Created
1942-09-13
Description

Personal correspondence mentions a mutual friend's employment "at an aircraft co." and asks about Salzman's work [at Lockheed]; mentions that she is getting ready for school to open and that she is very busy in the Education Department; and states that, because there are "no beds or mattresses for teachers to sleep on" they have been told to stay home pending arrival of furniture. She also states that about 28 teachers who have already arrived are sleeping in barracks on cots, and that some of them are UCLA graduates. She mentions a recent dust storm and that she would like to go home, even if Manzanar "isn't too bad."

2 items in Collection
Local Identifier
026-1-a-01-01-09
Date Created
1942-11-16
Description

Personal letter discusses work in doctor's office; teaching; and taking classes as well as club meetings featuring games and refreshments. Toda also asks how Salzman, "our defense worker" is doing.

5 items in Collection
Local Identifier
026-1-a-01-01-10
Date Created
1942-12-25
Description

Personal letter describes Christmas Day in the internment camp, mentioning the wind, dust, and cold conditions along with the beauty of the Sierras and her first view of snow. Toda also describes a Christmas party that drew people of all ages, and asks about Salzman's work and if Salzman is affected by gas rationing or other shortages, noting that they have felt effects of rationing at Manzanar.

5 items in Collection
Local Identifier
026-1-a-01-02-01
Date Created
1943-11-11
Description

Personal letter describes being too busy to write and thanks Salzman for photographs "of the girls" mentioning that Nagahama feels nostalgic when she views them. Nagahama notes her efforts to educate herself as a kindergarten teacher and that she cannot quit the job because the Education Department told teachers that, if they were to quit, they would be "blacklisted and another job will be difficult if not impossible to obtain"; she also mentions the possibility of relocation, and that she has heard from Honey [Toda], who is attending the University of Maryland. Further discusses open houses for Inyo-Mono County residents and teachers, during which products and produce from Manzanar are featured, and that visitors have been impressed with "what has been done and is being accomplished here."

5 items in Collection
Local Identifier
026-1-a-01-02-02
Date Created
1943-07-23
Description

Personal correspondence describes Toda's studies at the University of Maryland, where she is majoring in Sociology and minoring in Psychology, and her work as a stenographer with the Department of Labor; asks about Salzman's class in electrical fundamentals; and discusses mutuel friends.

2 items in Collection
Local Identifier
026-1-a-01-02-03
Date Created
1943-03-18
Description

Personal correspondence mentions their old group of friends ("the gang") and activities; a visit from a lieutenant from the [WAAC'o?] seeking recruits, and that joining may be a possibility should school and job not provide a means by which Toda can leave Manzanar. She also discusses her work "slaving away for the 'educational system'"; Salzman's work as instrument-tester [with Lockheed]; an upcoming Manzanar anniversary celebration ("one year since the first volunteers came to this desert outpost"); and her desire to leave as soon as possible.

2 items in Collection
Local Identifier
026-1-a-01-02-04
Date Created
1943-01-20
Description

Personal letter discusses mutuel friends and acquaintances; the climate at Manzanar; her coursework in psychology, shorthand, and wood carving; and her work teaching a kindergarten class. Nagahama remarks on the contradictions faced in classroom discussions in which teachers are supposed to emphasize the home, given their living conditions in Manzanar, and muses that she may use a doll house as a model in order to give students a glimpse "of what a home is supposed to look like." She also mentions learning to play the saxophone, and that she may play for a PTA party.

3 items in Collection
Local Identifier
026-1-a-01-02-05
Date Created
1943-03-02
Description

Personal letter discusses Nagahama's shorthand and drafting classes; Salzman's promotion to instrument tester [at Lockheed]; her own and Salzman's saxophone playing; Hideo [Watanabe's?] employment as business manager in the "Free Press" (her quotes) office; and rationing at Manzanar. She also expresses sorrow at the loss the prior week of 177 "former Bainbridge Island people" who had been removed to "Hunt Relocation Center in Minidoka, Idaho" mentioning that they had petitioned to "evacuate to the Idaho center right after the riot when there was so much tension because they wanted to be with the people from up north where they had come from." She further discusses her surprise that people had been brought to Manzanar from Bainbridge Island in the first place.

5 items in Collection